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Dam Inspection and Maintenance Programs – The Need of the Hour!

4 Mar 2019 | Posted By

Dams are large man-made structures that act as barriers to stop or restrict the flow of water or underground streams. Reservoirs created by dams not only suppress floods but also provide water for activities such as irrigation, human consumption, industrial use, aquaculture, and navigability. Hydropower is often used in conjunction with dams to generate electricity. A dam can also be used to collect water or for storage of water which can be evenly distributed between locations. [caption id="attachment_1576" align="alignnone" width="626"] (Fig.1: Sections in Dams)[/caption] The key sections in a dam include: 1) Diversion tunnels: Diversion tunnels are common in the construction of dams. When a dam is built, a tunnel is bored in order to divert water away from the dam construction site so that it essentially bypasses it 2) Upstream dam wall: (Upstream side of a Dam is a physical wall that holds and retains the water 3) Emergency/sluice gates Emergency gates are installed on Sluices/ Conduits/ Penstocks in dams for controlling water flow. In most of the cases emergency gate is operated by wire rope hoists. These gates…...